Eye Conditions

Eye Conditions

This video provides information about the most common eye conditions that cause blindness and low vision.


Cataracts refer to a cloudiness or marks on the lens inside the eye.


Glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases where there is damage to the tiny fibres in the optic nerve.

Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration (MD) is the most common cause of vision loss in older people in New Zealand.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

With retinitis pigmentosa, vision loss is caused by the breakdown and loss of cells in the retina called rods and cones.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is the condition caused by damage to your retina through diabetes.

Other conditions

The most common are macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataracts. On this page, you’ll find information on other conditions which may lead Kiwis to register with Blind Low Vision NZ.